this would be better as a download due to all the photos. It basically
shows what type of stitch knitting machines make and what they are
supposed to look like. You can download this chart here:
Below is a an explanation of the equivalent of a hand knitted stitch to a
knitting machine stitch. This understanding helped me when making
The headers are the names of the knitting machine stitches and below that an explanation and other information. If you understand the stitch, you find creating patterns a lot easier so I have tried to explain how it is knitted on the needles
Each type of stitch is accomplished by using one of the four positions
for each needle in conjunction with the different cam settings on the
knit carriage. The four needle positions are non-working, working, upper
working, and holding. Most of the stitch functions are fully automatic,
meaning the machine places selected needles in either the working or
upper working position with each pass of the carriage, according to the design pattern. Then the knitter needs to move the carriage back and forth to knit
the fabric. These stitch functions are all exclusive of one another;
that is to say, they cannot be combined in any one row (i.e. you can't
knit fair isle lace, although you can knit a fair isle body with lace
TID BIT: There is a great online tool if you like to knit in stripes. You can pick the colors you want and then the width of the stripes and it will generate various options so that you can see what the colors look like next to each other. It is just cool and fun to play with. It is located at the link below:
Fine Lace or Lace Stitch
The knitting machine produces holes in the material in a design. One
stitch is stretched over the adjacent needles. Closest hand equivalent,
would be a twisted stitch with 2 knit together without yarn overs.
For Silver Reed or any other knitting machine you need a lace carriage
unless you tool this by hand.
Design by Dorothy Siemens
I believe that the Silver Reed is the only machine that can do this type
of stitch and it is like the traditional hand lace stitch. Another
term is transfer lace because as you pass the carriage over the needle
bed the stitch is transferred over to the adjacent needle (working
position needles). With the second pass back over, needles with no yarn
on them knit in and the needles with stitches on them knit normal
also. With Silver Reed or any other knitting machine you need a lace
carriage unless you tool this by hand. In hand knitting this would be
knit 2 together with a yarn over.
Design by Dorothy Siemens of Fiddlesticks Knitting
Hand knit design, image for educational purposes only
This looks like it almost is the same as Fair Isle on the machine and it's close. One yarn is thinner
than the other and the difference between the two thicknesses produces
the stitch variation or pattern. One of the yarns is very, very thin or clear and the other is at least 2 times thicker or more. For instance, the thin yarn would be lace weight at most, and the other at DK weight or thicker.
With Fair Isle one of two or more colors are knitted one at a time per row and depending how many colors you are working with will depend how many times you need to move the carriage across the bed to create the colored pattern for you fabric.
With Thread or "Punch" Lace the THINNER YARN knits on EVERY needle and the THICKER YARN knits on the selected needles for the pattern. The fabric you create actually has no holes in it, but looks like it.
It is also called "Punch Lace" as stated above. In the fact that only certain needles are selected for the one yarn color in Fair Isle, in that way it is comparable to Fair Isle, but Fair Isle only knits ONE color yarn at a time where as with Thread Lace it is either one or two strands. So it is kind of the same and not.
I cannot think of a hand stitch equivalent unless you try knitting with 2 different weight yarns and pick up the thicker when you need it but take care with tension and floats.
This lace stitch actually uses the main carriage and does not need a
special lace carriage.
I could not
find any information about the slip stitch that knitting machines can
do, but it seems that needles in working position, the one stitch is
actually not knitted creating a horizontal bar with no stitch pattern on
that stitch. In hand knitting, the basic slip stitch is when the
stitch is passed from the left needle to the right needle without being
knitted, so it is slipped onto the other needle.
Traditionally this stitch type is only two colors but many use more than
2 yarns with their yarn color changers. The main needles are in
working position and in upper position is the contrast yarn. There is the
equivalent for hand knitting but with a Machine floats can be eliminated
with a double bed (ribber) or a "Jacquard" carriage. You need to watch out for long
and wide floats when hand knitting.
This stitch is an actual “weave” stitch as you are weaving into the
fabric you are producing as you knit. As you knit with the main
carriage the background or main color yarn knits and the weaving yarn
(which should be thick) lies across the needles in working position and
is weaved into the fabric. You can get a Weaving Arm for your main
carriage in the Silver Reed line otherwise you have to lay the yarn onto
the working needles manually or switch out the weaving yarn from the
left to the right side of the knitting carriage and visa versa.
Keep in mind that anything can be used for weaving, ANY yarn and to make
sure you can see the pattern well, you usually use an ornate, brightly
colored or much thicker yarn. Be creative as you like and if you are
into felting, this is another way to add depth into the fabric.
Generally this is an easy stitch that looks complicated. The main yarn
catches the weaving yarn as all you do is lay the weaving ACROSS all
needles or with the carriage.
I cannot think of a hand knit stitch because you are creating floats on
purpose on the main side of the fabric into a pattern in this instance.
This is the hand knit Slip Stitch. Needles in working position knit
while those in upper working position do not hence creating an extra
loop, but you have no floats. The stitch just becomes longer in that
specific stitch. You can create a Mosaic Pattern by changing out the
yarn colors (usually 2).
A mosaic effect can also be created with this stitch. Tuck stitch doesn't really have a hand knitted equivalent that I'm aware
of. In tuck stitch, the needles in working position knit normally. The
needles in upper working position don't knit, but an extra loop of yarn
is laid over them with each pass of the carriage. When these needles are
returned to working position, all the loops on the needle knit in a
single stitch, resulting in a textured fabric. Tuck stitch uses only one
strand of yarn per row, although it can be changed on any row for some
interesting color effects and it is a lot like the Skip Stitch.
Plating is where 2 different yarns are used to create one fabric with
one yarn on the main side and the other yarn on the opposite side. This
is helpful if you knit something fuzzy/wooly and want a cotton lining
to reduce allergic reactions or want a smoother feel against the skin.
You need to experiment with different yarns to decide if you like this
stitch for your garments as sometimes the yarn does “peak” through each
Intarsia is the most labor-intensive of the manual techniques. The
knitter places each color yarn on the appropriate needles before passing
a special intarsia carriage over them. The yarns are threaded through
special weights that hang down from the needle bed to help maintain good
tension. On some machines, the knit carriage has a special setting so a
separate intarsia carriage is not needed.
Leaves Popcorn Different Cables
I love hand manipulated stitches. They are time consuming so you need patience but if you like a lot of texture like I do, there is nothing better than stitches created by hand. Also, there is no machine equlivalent so they are unique and not everyone has the patience to create a garment using this technique as it takes a lot of time.
Hand manipulated stitches include twisting, wrapping, weaving, lifting,
rehanging and transferring stitches to create textured fabrics. There
are actually too many hand manipulated stitches to list here as only
your imagination will hold you back. Cables, Intarsia, fish
scales and so much more fall into this category. I would encourage you
to experiment with all the stitches and buy the video and Book from
Susan Guagliumi, as she to me is the expert in hand manipulated
stitches. Her books can be bought on Amazon.com and on her site. In 2010 she released yet a second volume and you can purchase an
accompanying video tutorial for use with her first book, there is only one video that I know of.
You can order specialty tools on her site for the 6.5mm machine and others to help you with the stitches. I actually sold off all my DAK stuff and other machines and kept my Silver Reed/Studio SK160, 6.5mm Knitting Machine and SR860 Ribber. Most of my work is hand tooled as I love adding texture through cabling, fish scales and her many varied stitch techniques. She truly is an innovator and brilliantly artist.
Another fiber artist that you can learn hand tooling techniques from is Diana Sullivan who has fabulous tutorial DVD's on using the garter bar, entrelac and more and whom will teach you for free on you tube stitches such as a fern lace technique.
TIDBIT: Susan also has a bunch of free pamhplets in tips and techniques that you can use on your knitting machines for many different stitch techniques, tips on accessory use for Silver Reed, double bed techniques, casting on and off and patterns. Use the link below to access her site and then under "Publications" there is a subcategory "Free Downloads" where they site. You have to register with your email and set up a password but the pamphlets are free.
DOUBLE BED CAST ON
Here is a link to her website : http://guagliumi.com/
This is her Fish Scale Stitch that I do all the time
TIDBIT: As of 2012 there is a Ribber arm on the market that allows you to use the SR860 Ribber with the SK160 Knitting Machine. Please read about it in the Accessories Section and under Silver Reed Accessories . Before you HAD TO upgrade to the SK860 main bed carriage before you could do this and be able to knit the decorative rib stitches.
chunky yarn, sk, kh, sr, kr, pdf, motif, 9mm,